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There’s a lot of advice out there about how to prevent colorectal cancer: The long list of recommendations includes more fiber, less meat, extra vitamins and even medication. But which of the most common claims are backed by scientific evidence? Healthy people can lower their risk of colorectal cancer by having colorectal cancer screening. Screening is typically done in people over the age of 50 and has been proven to lower the risk of colorectal cancer. They can also try to avoid getting colorectal cancer by following a healthier lifestyle. But what can be made of all of this advice, especially the tips on diet? Does eating a lot of fruits and vegetables and less red meat really help? And will taking extra vitamins make a difference?

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: April 5, 2018

Epilepsy medications can prevent seizures. But they do not work in everyone. It is sometimes possible for people to stop taking medication if they haven't had a seizure for several years. An epileptic seizure is caused by hyperactivity in the brain's nerve cells. Anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) work by lowering this level of activity. Although AEDs do not cure the underlying causes of epilepsy, they can lower the risk of seizures. The medicine is available in the form of tablets, capsules or syrups. Some can also be injected into a vein, given intravenously through a drip (IV infusion), or inserted into the rectum in the form of a suppository. They can have some unpleasant side effects, but are usually well tolerated at low doses. That is why it is important for each individual person to consider whether to have treatment and, if so, what dose of which medication would be suitable. It is impossible to know beforehand whether a particular drug will help. Some people stop having seizures after taking the first medication they try. Other times it can take much longer to find the right treatment. In some cases the drugs do not help, or only help very little.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: January 13, 2016

We reviewed the evidence about the effects of eculizumab for treating patients with paroxsymal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: October 30, 2014

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