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Treatments for strawberry birthmarks of the skin in infants and children

Infantile haemangiomas are soft, raised swellings on the skin, often with a bright, red surface. They are a non‐cancerous overgrowth of blood vessels in the skin. They are commonly known as 'strawberry birthmarks', 'strawberry naevi', or 'capillary haemangiomas'. They occur in five per cent of babies, with the majority appearing within the first few weeks of life, and reach their full size at about three to six months of age. The vast majority are uncomplicated and will shrink on their own by five to seven years of age and require no further treatment. However, some infantile haemangiomas may occur in high‐risk areas (such as near the eyes and nose which can result in impairment to vision and airway obstruction, respectively) and some of them are disfiguring and psychologically distressing to the children and their parents. Some may also develop complications so early medical treatment may be necessary. Corticosteroids are currently the standard treatment; however, it is not known which of a variety of treatments is best.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2012

Treatment of port‐wine stains with lasers or light sources

Port‐wine stains are birthmarks caused by malformations of blood vessels in the skin. They manifest themselves in infancy as flat, red marks on the skin and do not disappear spontaneously but may, if untreated, become darker and thicker by middle age with a 'cobblestone appearance'.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2011

What happens during a skin examination?

If skin changes are causing bothersome symptoms or are very obvious, it is a good idea to see a doctor. Family doctors usually refer their patients to a skin specialist (dermatologist) if they come across skin changes, rashes or a large number of moles during a physical examination.

Informed Health Online [Internet] - Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Version: July 28, 2016

Testing Treatments: Better Research for Better Healthcare. 2nd edition

How do we know whether a particular treatment really works? How reliable is the evidence? And how do we ensure that research into medical treatments best meets the needs of patients? These are just a few of the questions addressed in a lively and informative way in Testing Treatments. Brimming with vivid examples, Testing Treatments will inspire both patients and professionals.

Pinter & Martin.

Version: 2011

Melanoma Treatment (PDQ®): Patient Version

Expert-reviewed information summary about the treatment of melanoma.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: March 10, 2017

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