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No assured evidence on traditional Chinese medicine herbs (TCMHs) stopping bleeding from haemorrhoids but limited evidence on TCMHs alleviating some symptoms caused by haemorrhoids.

Haemorrhoids, one of the common perianal diseases, may easily lead to haematochezia, perianal inflammation, perianal venous prolapse or incarceration once it progresses to a serious stage. Besides surgical operation or minimally invasive treatment, a variety of Traditional Chinese Medicine herbs (TCMHs) have been used for treating bleeding haemorrhoids in many patients in China. TCMHs might be effective for this illness and provide an alternative therapeutic measure. However, our primary research for this review showed that there was no strong evidence concerning the effectiveness of TCMHs in stopping bleeding from haemorrhoids. The included studies were few and of low quality. Limited, weak evidence showed that some formulae, when including Radix Sanguisorbae, Radix Rehmanniae, Fructus Sophorae, etc., may alleviate some symptoms caused by haemorrhoids. These symptoms include hematochezia and congestive haemorrhoidal cushions, in the short term. Additional, standardised trials are needed for meta‐analysis to draw a final conclusion.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2010

Tongxinluo (a traditional Chinese medicine) capsules may help patients suffering from unstable angina

Tongxinluo, in capsule form, is a traditional Chinese medicine which consists of herbs and insects. Traditionally it has been thought to have clinical benefits for patients with angina, including the reduction of the occurrence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and complications of some types of heart surgery. Some studies also suggest a possible benefit in reducing the frequency and severity of angina attacks and improving symptoms. However, none of these individual studies have been reviewed systematically.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2013

Rheum officinale (a traditional Chinese medicine) for the treatment of chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a long‐term, life threatening illness that is becoming more common. People who have CKD are monitored closely and treated with therapies that are determined according to the stage of their illness and whether they have other health problems. Treatment for CKD often involves drugs to control blood pressure and aid kidney function ‐ often angiotensin‐converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) ‐ along with restricting the amount of protein consumed. Practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine often use Rheum officinale (Da Huang, a type of rhubarb) to treat people with CKD.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2015

Neuroprotective effects of traditional Chinese medicine in treating glaucoma: a meta-analysis

Bibliographic details: Li WJ, Peng QH, Tan HY.  Neuroprotective effects of traditional Chinese medicine in treating glaucoma: a meta-analysis. International Eye Science 2013; 13(4): 671-673

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2013

Astragalus (a traditional Chinese medicine) for treating chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease affects increasing numbers of people around the world, but as yet, effective strategies to control its progression have not been universally accepted. Astragalus is one of most widely used herbs for treating kidney disease. We conducted this review to evaluate the benefits and potential harms of Astragalus for the treatment of people with chronic kidney disease.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2014

Mailuoning (a type of traditional Chinese medicine) for improving outcome in people with acute ischaemic stroke

Review question: We wanted to compare the safety and effects of mailuoning treatment versus placebo or no treatment for reducing death and dependency in people with acute ischaemic stroke.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2015

Cordyceps sinensis (a traditional Chinese medicine) for kidney transplant recipients

Kidney transplant recipients need to take several immunosuppressive drugs following surgery to prevent rejection. However, these drugs can cause side effects which compromise long‐term survival for both patients and grafted kidneys.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2015

Efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine in treating glaucoma: a systematic review

Bibliographic details: Luo X X, Liu W Z, Duan J G.  Efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine in treating glaucoma: a systematic review. International Journal of Ophthalmology 2007; 7(5): 1325-1329

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2007

Traditional Chinese medicinal herbs for chronic fatigue

Treatment options for idiopathic chronic fatigue are limited. This review attempted to examine the use of traditional Chinese herbal remedies for this condition. Although some studies investigating traditional Chinese herbs for were found for chronic fatigue syndrome, no studies met the inclusion criteria. Choice of inclusion criteria was intended to narrow inclusion to methodologically rigourous and meaningful studies. Methodological limitations in the studies identified, such as type of control used and study design, limited the usefulness of the data

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2009

Effects and safety of traditional chinese medicine in treating arteriosclerosis obliterans: a systematic review

Bibliographic details: Hou JJ, Li GX, Wu TX, Wang J, Li SZ.  Effects and safety of traditional chinese medicine in treating arteriosclerosis obliterans: a systematic review. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 2010; 10(9): 1110-1117

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2010

Traditional Chinese medicinal herbs for induction of remission in advanced or late gastric cancer

Gastric cancer, one of the malignant tumours in the gastrointestinal tract and with high morbidity among cancers, can easily lead to death once it progresses to an advanced or late stage. There are few interventions which can postpone or stop the malignant course of the illness. However, some kinds of traditional Chinese medicinal herbs (TCMHs) have been used as an alternative therapeutic measure to treat many gastric cancer patients in China, and might be effective as an auxiliary therapy for this illness in its advanced or late stages. Our primary investigation showed there was no assured evidence concerning the effectiveness of TCMHs in improving the quality of life or rate of remission, alleviating the toxic and side effects caused by the chemotherapy, or reducing short‐term mortality. Limited, weak evidence showed that four injections of the TCMHs Huachansu, Aidi, Fufangkushen, and Shenqifuzheng showed statistically significant differences for the improvement of leukopenia, and Huachansu, Aidi, and Fufangkushen for adverse events in the digestive system, but no significant differences in the rate of short‐term remission. Most of the included studies were of low quality and valid comparisons were scarce, meaning that more trials are needed for meta‐analysis to draw definite conclusions about their benefits.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2013

Meta-analysis of the effects of traditional Chinese medicine on endometrial receptivity

Bibliographic details: Liu N, Long N, Han L, Cai X.  Meta-analysis of the effects of traditional Chinese medicine on endometrial receptivity. Acta Medica Mediterranea 2014; 30(4): 885-891 Available from: http://www.actamedicamediterranea.com/medica/2014/med2014_pag-885-891.pdf

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2014

Traditional Chinese medicine for diminished ovarian reserve: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Bibliographic details: Xia T, Ma RH, Mu W, Hu MD, Ma SH, Mao SW, Fu Y.  Traditional Chinese medicine for diminished ovarian reserve: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Chinese Herbal Medicines 2014; 6(2): 93-102

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2014

Traditional chinese medicine for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: a systematic review

Bibliographic details: Li L, Su DM, Han HX, Li JX.  Traditional chinese medicine for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: a systematic review. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 2011; 11(2): 195-203 Available from: http://www.cjebm.org.cn/oa/DArticle.aspx?type=view&id=201102014

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2011

Stroke unit of integrated traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine for acute cerebral stroke: a systematic review

Bibliographic details: Yu L, Zhang HY, Zhang Z, Hai Y, Yang GL.  Stroke unit of integrated traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine for acute cerebral stroke: a systematic review. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 2011; 11(1): 49-56 Available from: http://www.cjebm.org.cn/oa/DArticle.aspx?type=view&id=201101010

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2011

Traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in stable stage: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials

Bibliographic details: Zhou W, Zhong YQ, Yang HM, Jiang HL, Fu JJ, Zhang WB, Mao B.  Traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in stable stage: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 2009; 9(3): 311-318

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2009

Traditional Chinese medicine in treating upper airway cough syndrome: a systematic review.

Bibliographic details: Fan T, Zhang Y, Jiang HL, Min J, Wang K, Zhou W, Mao B.  Traditional Chinese medicine in treating upper airway cough syndrome: a systematic review. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 2012; 12(5): 608-613 Available from: http://www.cjebm.org.cn/oa/DArticle.aspx?type=view&id=201205021

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2012

Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (a traditional Chinese herbal medicine) for primary nephrotic syndrome

Primary nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a relatively rare kidney disease (diagnosed in up to 7/100,000 children and 3/100,000 adults annually). However the resulting kidney damage causes loss of proteins in urine (proteinuria) leading to low level albumin in the bloodstream, which can cause raised lipids and severe, generalised swelling. Primary NS can also lead to blood clotting (thromboembolism), infection, and acute kidney injury, and may become life threatening. Treatment for primary NS aims to relieve symptoms, avoid complications, and prolong life. Immunosuppressive treatments are of importance for primary NS. In China, a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TwHF) has been used for over two decades as an immunosuppressive agent to decrease proteinuria and preserve kidney function. TwHF is prescribed alone or in combination with corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive agents such as cyclophosphamide (CPA).

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet] - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Version: 2013

Traditional Chinese medicine in the irrigation of chronic rhinosinusitis after endoscopic sinus surgery: a systematic review

Bibliographic details: Zhang DZ, Liu M, Zhang QX, Li XQ, Xian KL, Li JL, Cai HC, Deng Y.  Traditional Chinese medicine in the irrigation of chronic rhinosinusitis after endoscopic sinus surgery: a systematic review. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 2011; 11(5): 576-590 Available from: http://www.cjebm.org.cn/oa/DArticle.aspx?type=view&id=201105020

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2011

[A systematic review of randomized controlled trials of integrated traditional chinese and western medicine for early postoperative inflammatory intestinal obstruction]

Bibliographic details: Fan Q, Dong ZY, Zhang HG, Ling JH, Xu J.  [A systematic review of randomized controlled trials of integrated traditional chinese and western medicine for early postoperative inflammatory intestinal obstruction]. World Chinese Journal of Digestology 2011; 19(21): 2285-2291

Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews [Internet] - Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (UK).

Version: 2011

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