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Diabetes is a long-term condition that can have a major impact on the life of a child or young person, as well as their family or carers. In addition to insulin therapy, diabetes management should include education, support and access to psychological services, as detailed here and in this guideline. Preparations should also be made for the transition from paediatric to adult services, which have a somewhat different model of care and evidence base.

NICE Guideline - National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).

Version: August 2015

The guideline covers men (18 and over) with a clinical working diagnosis of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Options for conservative, pharmacological, surgical, and complementary or alternative treatments are considered in terms of clinical and cost effectiveness.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Clinical Guideline Centre (UK).

Version: 2010

Type 1 diabetes affects over 370,000 adults in the UK, representing approximately 10% of adults diagnosed with diabetes. Given the complexity of its treatment regimens, successful outcomes depend, perhaps more than with any other long-term condition, on full engagement of the adult with type 1 diabetes in life-long day-by-day self-management. In order to support this, the health service needs to provide informed, expert support, education and training as well as a range of other more conventional biomedical services and interventionsfor the prevention and management of long term complications and disability.

NICE Guideline - National Clinical Guideline Centre (UK).

Version: August 2015

Many adult hospital inpatients need intravenous (IV) fluid therapy to prevent or correct problems with their fluid and/or electrolyte status. This may be because they cannot meet their normal needs through oral or enteral routes (for example, they have swallowing problems or gastrointestinal dysfunction) or because they have unusual fluid and/or electrolyte deficits or demands caused by illness or injury (for example, high gastrointestinal or renal losses). Deciding on the optimal amount and composition of IV fluids to be administered and the best rate at which to give them can be a difficult task, and decisions must be based on careful assessment of the patient’s individual needs.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Clinical Guideline Centre (UK).

Version: December 2013

When young children suddenly experience the onset of diarrhoea, with or without vomiting, infective gastroenteritis is by far the most common explanation. A range of enteric viruses, bacteria and protozoal pathogens may be responsible. Viral infections account for most cases in the developed world. Gastroenteritis is very common, with many infants and young children experiencing more than one episode in a year.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).

Version: April 2009

A systematic assessment of diagnostic and therapeutic devices in common use as blood management tools in cardiac surgery did not demonstrate clinical effectiveness or cost-effectiveness.

Programme Grants for Applied Research - NIHR Journals Library.

Version: September 2017

Cancer pain can be a complication of cancer or its treatment, and can negatively affect the functional status and quality of life of cancer patients. Get comprehensive, practical information on the screening, assessment, and management of cancer-related pain in this summary for clinicians.

PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet] - National Cancer Institute (US).

Version: August 30, 2017

The management of myeloma is complex and challenging. It increasingly involves the use of expensive drugs. The guideline will aim to raise standards nationally while allowing clinical flexibility and defining a common pathway for patients at various stages of their illness, and of different ages and levels of fitness. Although a consistent approach to management is desirable, it needs to reflect the very different groups of patients with myeloma from the fit and suitable for transplant, fairly fit but not suitable for transplant to patients who are extremely frail and/or unwell.

NICE Guideline - National Collaborating Centre for Cancer (UK).

Version: February 2016

This study found that the effectiveness of fibrin sealants do not appear to vary according to surgical procedures with regard to reducing the risk of seroma or haematoma.

Health Technology Assessment - NIHR Journals Library.

Version: December 2016

Guidelines are recommendations for the care of individuals in specific clinical conditions or circumstances - and these can include prevention and self-care through to primary and secondary care and on to more specialised services. NICE clinical guidelines are based on the best available evidence of clinical and cost effectiveness, and are produced to help healthcare professionals and patients make informed choices about appropriate healthcare. While guidelines assist the practice of healthcare professionals, they do not replace their knowledge and skills.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (UK).

Version: September 2012

This guideline covers bacterial meningitis and meningococcal septicaemia, focusing on management of these conditions in children and young people aged younger than 16 years in primary and secondary care, and using evidence of direct relevance to these age groups where available.

NICE Clinical Guidelines - National Collaborating Centre for Women's and Children's Health (UK).

Version: 2010

The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) System serves a largely older, male population with a high prevalence of chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) and venous thromboembolism (VTE). Many veterans with chronic AF have risk profiles for stroke that, according to current clinical guidelines, place them in a risk group where chronic anticoagulation is recommended. Adjusted-dose warfarin has been the preferred approach to chronic anticoagulation in the VHA, and in many VHA settings, specialized therapeutic drug-monitoring services provide high-quality warfarin treatment. However, the advent of newer anticoagulants with the promise of simplified long-term anticoagulation requires reconsideration of current treatment practices. The purpose of this systematic review was to study the comparative effectiveness of warfarin and the newer oral anticoagulants used for the long-term prevention and treatment of arterial and venous thromboembolism. An evaluation of newer oral anticoagulants for VTE prophylaxis in the perioperative period will be the subject of a later report.

Evidence-Based Synthesis Program - Department of Veterans Affairs (US).

Version: April 2012

The study found that in the treatment of localised prostate cancer, the evidence regarding the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of ablative therapies compared with radical prostatectomy, external beam radiotherapy and active surveillance is insufficient to influence current clinical practice.

Health Technology Assessment - NIHR Journals Library.

Version: July 2015

The purpose of this project was to provide national guidance on the optimal use of 99mTc during a situation of reduced supply. To accomplish this, our objective at CADTH was:

Optimal Use Report - Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health.

Version: 2012

The reliable identification of patients with abdominal pain who need surgical intervention for acute appendicitis can improve clinical outcomes and reduce resource use. The test performance and impact on outcomes of alternative diagnostic strategies are unclear.

Comparative Effectiveness Reviews - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US).

Version: December 2015

Systematic Reviews in PubMed

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