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Med Dosim. 2007 Spring;32(1):1-6.

The effect of positional realignment on dose delivery to the prostate and organs-at-risk for 3DCRT.

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Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA.


In this study, we evaluate the impact of daily image-guided patient repositioning on dose delivery to prostate and sensitive organs in the treatment of prostate carcinoma with 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT). Five patients with substantial ultrasound-documented interfractional prostate motion during their 3DCRT treatment course were selected. Starting with the original treatment plan, 2 additional plans were retrospectively generated for each patient. In one set, organ contours were moved for each fraction, thus simulating positioning with misalignment caused by organ motion if ultrasound guidance were not used. In a second set of plans, the isocenter was shifted, as were the organ contours, simulating realignment based on the ultrasound image. In all cases, the number of planned monitor units was set to those of the original plan. For a given patient, isodose distributions, dose-volume histograms (DVHs), equivalent uniform dose (EUD) for prostate, and generalized equivalent uniform dose (gEUDs) for bladder and rectum were calculated for each fraction and then combined for each shift condition. In all reconstructed plans, the results show no substantial changes in dose coverage of the prostate <0.21% change in EUD) compared to the original plan. However, in some cases with no realignment, a larger volume of the bladder or rectum gets higher dose, with the consequent gEUD for each organ significantly greater compared to the original plan.

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