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Cancer Lett. 2007 Dec 8;258(1):63-9. Epub 2007 Oct 4.

Hypoxia enhances LPA-induced HIF-1alpha and VEGF expression: their inhibition by resveratrol.

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College of Medicine, Konyang University, Seo-Gu, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.


Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive phospholipid that is involved in various cellular events, including tumor invasion and metastasis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of LPA and hypoxia on HIF-1alpha and VEGF expression, as well as the effect of resveratrol on LPA and hypoxia-induced HIF-1alpha and VEGF expression and human ovarian cancer cell migration. Our results show that LPA treatment under hypoxia increases HIF-1alpha protein level, which leads to increased expression of VEGF protein and mRNA. These increases in HIF-1alpha and VEGF expression are dramatically attenuated by resveratrol. The underlying mechanism of inhibition of HIF-1alpha expression by resveratrol seems to be associated with both inactivation of p42/p44 MAPK and p70S6K, as well as enhanced degradation of HIF-1alpha protein, resulting in profound decrease in VEGF expression and cell migration. Collectively, these results show that LPA under hypoxic condition enhances cell migration through the sequential induction of HIF-1alpha and VEGF, and that this enhancement is efficiently blocked by resveratrol.

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