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Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2004;18(17):1911-8.

Analysis of neutral drugs in human plasma by fluoride attachment in liquid chromatography/negative ion electrospray tandem mass spectrometry.

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Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.


The analysis of several neutral drugs, mephenesin, guaifenesin, simvastatin, podophyllotoxin and inositol, was accomplished by negative ion electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) using adduct formation with three different halide ions. The fluoride, chloride and bromide adducts of the selected drugs exhibited intense signals in negative ion ESI. Under collision-induced dissociation, the major product ions of bromide and chloride adducts were the nonspecific bromide and chloride anions, respectively. In contrast, fluoride adducts produced strong [M--H](-) ions as well as product ions with good intensity. Fluoride attachment liquid chromatography/negative ion electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS/MS) was applied to the analysis of the selected neutral drugs in human plasma. Detection limits in the range of 0.025-0.05 ng/mL were achieved using 0.5 mL plasma. Good linearity was observed for each of the drugs examined in human plasma over the range of 0.05-50 ng/mL.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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