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J Evid Based Soc Work. 2013;10(4):308-20. doi: 10.1080/15433714.2012.663673.

Factors associated with admission to a day school treatment program.

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  • 1Division of Social Work, Roberts Wesleyan College, Rochester, NY 14624, USA.


In this study the authors examine the individual and family characteristics of youth (N = 105) admitted over a five year period to a day school treatment program in a western New York community. All had exhausted alternative school placements within their home school districts and had a history of severe emotional or behavioral problems. Consistent with national patterns, more males (78%) than females were admitted, but in contrast to national trends, more Caucasians (63.8%) than students of color (36.2%) were admitted. Most lived in female headed single-parent households (51.4%). A few were foster children living with relatives or in non-relative foster homes (14.3%). Poverty was common with 45.7% of these youth eligible for free lunches. Most were on psychotropic medications (57.1%) and had histories of outpatient (62.9%) and inpatient hospitalizations (23.6%) at admission. Involvement in the juvenile justice system was common with nearly a quarter involved in the juvenile justice system (n = 25; 23.8%).

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