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J Biol Chem. 1990 Apr 15;265(11):6339-45.

cDNA-derived sequence of UMP-CMP kinase from Dictyostelium discoideum and expression of the enzyme in Escherichia coli.

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Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsried, Federal Republic of Germany.


A cDNA coding for UMP-CMP kinase from Dictyostelium discoideum was isolated from a lambda gt11 expression library and sequenced. The corresponding mRNA has a size of 0.7 kilobase and is down-regulated during early development of D. discoideum. Southern blotting demonstrated that the UMP-CMP kinase is encoded by a single gene. The deduced amino acid sequence of UMP-CMP kinase shows a high degree of homology with adenylate kinases from different sources with the highest degree of homology to cytosolic adenylate kinase from vertebrate muscle (43%). The enzyme expressed in Escherichia coli after cloning the cDNA into an ATG expression vector was purified and analyzed for its structural and kinetic properties. The UMP-CMP kinase uses preferentially ATP (Km,app = 25 microM) as phosphate donor and is specific for UMP (Km,app = 0.4 mM) and CMP (Km,app = 0.1 mM). The enzyme is strongly inhibited by the substrate analogue P1-(adenosine-5')-P5-(uridine-5')-pentaphosphate (Ki between 0.05 and 0.1 microM) and is inactivated by modification of free thiol groups with 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid).

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