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J Affect Disord. 1991 Dec;23(4):165-72.

Childhood experiences of loss and suicide attempts: significance in depressive states of major depressed and dysthymic or adjustment disordered patients.

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Department of Psychiatry, University of Göttingen, Germany.


Three hundred and twenty-eight patients aged 45 years and over with major depression, dysthymic disorder or adjustment disorder with depressed mood (according to DSM-III) were asked about childhood loss experiences (death of one or both parents or at least 1 year's separation) and their current state of health. No statistically significant relationships were found between experiences of loss in childhood and type of depression, sex and age at first episode. However, there was an increased incidence of suicide attempts in patients with experiences of loss in childhood, both by separation and by death of parents. The increased suicidal tendency could mainly be attributed to loss of the father.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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