Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Biomaterials. 2015 Oct;67:393-407. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2015.07.040. Epub 2015 Jul 23.

An acellular biologic scaffold does not regenerate appreciable de novo muscle tissue in rat models of volumetric muscle loss injury.

Author information

1
US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Extremity Trauma and Regenerative Medicine, 3698 Chambers Pass, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA.
2
US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Extremity Trauma and Regenerative Medicine, 3698 Chambers Pass, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA. Electronic address: thomas.j.walters22.civ@mail.mil.

Abstract

Extracellular matrix (ECM) derived scaffolds continue to be investigated for the treatment of volumetric muscle loss (VML) injuries. Clinically, ECM scaffolds have been used for lower extremity VML repair; in particular, MatriStemâ„¢, a porcine urinary bladder matrix (UBM), has shown improved functional outcomes and vascularization, but limited myogenesis. However, efficacy of the scaffold for the repair of traumatic muscle injuries has not been examined systematically. In this study, we demonstrate that the porcine UBM scaffold when used to repair a rodent gastrocnemius musculotendinous junction (MTJ) and tibialis anterior (TA) VML injury does not support muscle tissue regeneration. In the MTJ model, the scaffold was completely resorbed without tissue remodeling, suggesting that the scaffold may not be suitable for the clinical repair of muscle-tendon injuries. In the TA VML injury, the scaffold remodeled into a fibrotic tissue and showed functional improvement, but not due to muscle fiber regeneration. The inclusion of physical rehabilitation also did not improve functional response or tissue remodeling. We conclude that the porcine UBM scaffold when used to treat VML injuries may hasten the functional recovery through the mechanism of scaffold mediated functional fibrosis. Thus for appreciable muscle regeneration, repair strategies that incorporate myogenic cells, vasculogenic accelerant and a myoconductive scaffold need to be developed.

KEYWORDS:

Animal model; ECM (extracellular matrix); Muscle; Scaffold; Trauma; Volumetric muscle loss

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center