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Heart Rhythm. 2010 Aug;7(8):1085-92. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2010.05.024. Epub 2010 May 21.

Vectorcardiographic and electrocardiographic criteria to distinguish new and old left bundle branch block.

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1
South Shore Hospital, South Weymouth, Massachusetts, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There are no established criteria to differentiate new from old left bundle branch block (LBBB). This complicates management of patients with LBBB and suspected acute coronary syndrome.

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to develop electrocardiographic (ECG) criteria to differentiate new and old LBBB.

METHODS:

All LBBB tracings (n = 3,706) in a hospital ECG database were retrieved. New (<24 hours, n = 39) and old (>24 hours, n = 1,760) LBBB tracings were identified. QRS and T-wave amplitudes, directions, and durations were measured digitally. Vectorcardiograms were reconstructed from 12-lead ECGs using inverse Dower transform and analyzed with Cardio3KG software. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves were used to develop decision rules to distinguish new and old LBBB.

RESULTS:

The new LBBB group had larger T-vector magnitude (1.20 +/- 0.07 vs. 0.71 +/- 0.01 mV), smaller QRS vector magnitude (2.13 +/- 0.12 vs. 2.47 +/- 0.02 mV), and a lower QRS/T vector magnitude ratio (QRS/T; 1.79 +/- 0.03 vs. 3.92 +/- 0.04) compared with the old LBBB group (mean +/- standard error of the mean, P <.001). The ratio of deepest S to largest T wave in precordial leads (Max S/T) was significantly smaller in the new compared with in the old LBBB group (1.66 +/- 0.05 vs. 3.54 +/- 0.08; P <.001). A decision rule using QRS/T <2.25 and Max S/T <2.5 had 100% sensitivity and 96%-68% specificity in diagnosing new LBBB, including subsets of patients with tachycardia and ischemia.

CONCLUSIONS:

QRS/T and Max S/T allow accurate discrimination between new and old LBBB suitable for both computerized and manual analysis. If confirmed in prospective studies, this finding can improve management of patients with chest pain and LBBB.

PMID:
20493964
DOI:
10.1016/j.hrthm.2010.05.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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