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Rev Clin Esp. 2017 Dec;217(9):534-542. doi: 10.1016/j.rce.2017.05.004. Epub 2017 Jun 27.

The assessment of medical competencies.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Departamento de Desarrollo Organizacional, Hospital Universitario Son Espases, Palma, Mallorca, Islas Baleares, España; Departamento de Psicología, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma, Mallorca, Islas Baleares, España.
2
Departamento de Psicología, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma, Mallorca, Islas Baleares, España.
3
Departamento de Psicología, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma, Mallorca, Islas Baleares, España. Electronic address: albert.sese@uib.es.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the most widely used tools in the assessment of medical competencies, analyse their prevalence of use, their advantages and disadvantages and propose an appropriate model for our context.

METHODS:

We conducted a narrative review of articles from MEDLINE, following the PRISM protocol, and analysed a total of 62 articles.

RESULTS:

The assessment of competencies is heterogeneous, especially in the educational and professional settings. The specific and technical competencies acquired during university education are mainly assessed using the objective structured clinical assessment. In the professional setting, core competencies are assessed using the 360° technique.

CONCLUSIONS:

We need a rigorous empiric comparison of the efficiency of the tools according to the type of competency. We propose a competency management model for the «undergraduate/graduate/active professional» continuum, whose goal is to improve training and professional practice and thereby increase the quality of patient care.

KEYWORDS:

360° assessment; Assessment instruments; Competencias profesionales; Competency assessment; Competency management; Evaluación 360°; Evaluación clínica objetiva estructurada; Evaluación competencial; Gestión por competencias; Instrumentos de evaluación; Objective structured clinical evaluation; Professionals competencies

PMID:
28666528
DOI:
10.1016/j.rce.2017.05.004

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