Format

Send to

Choose Destination

See 1 citation found by title matching your search:

FEBS J. 2016 Oct;283(19):3556-3562. doi: 10.1111/febs.13739.

Structural reverse genetics study of the PI5P4Kβ-nucleotide complexes reveals the presence of the GTP bioenergetic system in mammalian cells.

Author information

1
Biomedicinal Information Research Center and Molecular Profiling Research Center for Drug Discovery, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Koto, Tokyo, Japan.
2
JST, PRESTO, Tokyo, Japan.
3
Structural Biology Research Center, Photon Factory, Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
4
Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, OH, USA.
5
Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, OH, USA. atsuo.sasaki@uc.edu.
6
Department of Cancer Biology, Brain Tumor Center, Neuroscience Institute, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, OH, USA. atsuo.sasaki@uc.edu.
7
Department of Neurosurgery, Brain Tumor Center, Neuroscience Institute, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, OH, USA. atsuo.sasaki@uc.edu.
8
Structural Biology Research Center, Photon Factory, Institute of Materials Structure Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. toshiya.senda@kek.jp.
9
Department of Materials Structure Science, School of High Energy Accelerator Science, The graduate University of Advanced Studies (Soken-dai), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. toshiya.senda@kek.jp.

Abstract

Reverse genetic analysis can connect a gene and its protein counterpart to a biological function(s) by knockout or knockdown of the specific gene. However, when a protein has multiple biochemical activities, the conventional genetics strategy is incapable of distinguishing which biochemical activity of the protein is critical for the particular biological function(s). Here, we propose a structural reverse genetics strategy to overcome this problem. In a structural reverse genetics study, multiple biochemical activities of a protein are segregated by mapping those activities to a structural element(s) in the atomic resolution tertiary structure. Based on the structural mapping, a mutant lacking one biochemical activity of interest can be produced with the other activities kept intact. Expression of the mutant by knockin or ectopic expression in the knockout strain along with the following analysis can connect the single biochemical activity of interest to a biological function. Using the structural reverse genetics strategy, we have dissected the newly identified GTP-dependent activity of a lipid kinase PI5P4Kβ from its ATP-dependent activity. The GTP-insensitive mutant has demonstrated the existence of the GTP bioenergetic sensor system in mammalian cells and its critical role in tumorigenesis. As structural reverse genetics can identify in vivo significance of individual biochemical activity, it is a powerful approach to reveal hidden biological functions, which could be a novel pharmacological target for therapeutic intervention. Given the recent expansion of choices in structural biological methods and advances in genome editing technologies, the time is ripe for structural reverse genetics strategies.

KEYWORDS:

GTP bioenergetic system; PI5P4Kβ; functional network; multifunctional proteins; structural reverse genetics

PMID:
27090388
PMCID:
PMC5053874
DOI:
10.1111/febs.13739
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center