Format

Send to

Choose Destination

See 1 citation found by title matching your search:

See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2011 Jun;26(6):1948-55. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfq219. Epub 2010 Apr 25.

Serum iPTH, calcium and phosphate, and the risk of mortality in a European haemodialysis population.

Author information

1
Div. Nephrology, RWTH University of Aachen, Germany. juergen.floege@rwth-aachen.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A number of US observational studies reported an increased mortality risk with higher intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), calcium and/or phosphate. The existence of such a link in a European haemodialysis population was explored as part of the Analysing Data, Recognising Excellence and Optimising Outcomes (ARO) Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Research Initiative.

METHODS:

The association between the markers of mineral and bone disease and clinical outcomes was examined in 7970 patients treated in European Fresenius Medical Care facilities over a median of 21 months. Baseline and time-dependent (TD) Cox regression were performed using Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) target ranges as reference categories, adjusting for demographics, medical history, dialysis parameters, inflammation, medications and laboratory parameters. Fractional polynomial (FP) models were also used.

RESULTS:

Hazard ratio (HR) estimates from baseline analysis for iPTH were U-shaped [>600 pg/mL, HR = 2.10, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.62-2.73; <75 pg/mL, HR = 1.46, 95% CI 1.17-1.83]. TD analysis confirmed the results for iPTH. Baseline analysis showed that calcium >2.75 mmol/L increased risk of death (HR = 1.70, 95% CI 1.19-2.42). TD analysis showed that both low (HR = 1.19, 95% CI 1.04-1.37) and high calcium (HR = 1.74, 95% CI 1.30-2.34) increased risk of death. Baseline analysis for phosphate showed a U-shaped pattern (<1.13 mmol/L, HR = 1.18, 95% CI 1.01-1.37; >1.78 mmol/L, HR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.13-1.55). TD analysis confirmed the results for phosphate <1.13 mmol/L. HR estimates were higher in patients with diabetes versus those without diabetes for baseline analysis only (P-value = 0.014). FP analysis confirmed the results of baseline and TD analyses.

CONCLUSION:

Patients with iPTH, calcium and phosphate levels within the KDOQI target ranges have the lowest risk of mortality compared with those outside the target ranges.

Comment in

PMID:
20466670
PMCID:
PMC3107766
DOI:
10.1093/ndt/gfq219
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center