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J Korean Med Sci. 2011 Oct;26(10):1305-9. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2011.26.10.1305. Epub 2011 Oct 1.

Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase concentration correlates with Framingham risk score in Koreans.

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Department of Family Practice and Community Health, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.


Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) is a novel coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factor, but its use as an independent factor for CAD risk prediction remains unclear in Asian population. This study examined the association between serum GGT concentration and Framingham risk score (FRS) in the Korean population. This cross-sectional study was performed on 30,710 Koreans. Besides FRS, body mass index, fasting blood glucose, liver enzymes, lipid profile, uric acid and high sensitive C-reactive protein data were used. The study subjects were grouped into quartiles according to the levels of GGT. Analyses relating GGT to FRS ≥ 20% utilized multiple confounders adjusted logistic regression. Positive correlations were established between log-transformed GGT concentration and FRS (r = 0.38; P < 0.001). Increasing the quartile of serum GGT concentration was significantly associated with linear increasing trends in FRS (P-trend < 0.001). Compared to the lowest baseline GGT category, age-gender adjusted odd ratios for FRS ≥ 20% were significantly increased from the lowest to highest GGT quartiles; these results remained significantly after adjustments for multiple confounders. Increased GGT concentration is associated with the increase in FRS. Serum GGT may be helpful to predict the future risk of CAD.


Framingham Risk Score; Gamma-Glutamyltransferase; Oxidative Stress

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