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Biotechnol Adv. 2012 Sep-Oct;30(5):1059-70. doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2011.08.013. Epub 2011 Aug 24.

Rice functional genomics research: progress and implications for crop genetic improvement.

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1
National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and National Center of Plant Gene Research, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China. jyhhzau@webmail.hzau.edu.cn

Abstract

Rice is a staple food crop and has become a reference of monocot plant for functional genomic research. With the availability of high quality rice genome sequence, there has been rapid accumulation of functional genomic resources, including: large mutant libraries by T-DNA insertion, transposon tagging, and chemical mutagenesis; global expression profiles of the genes in the entire life cycle of rice growth and development; full-length cDNAs for both indica and japonica rice; sequences from resequencing large numbers of diverse germplasm accessions. Such resource development has greatly accelerated gene cloning. By the end of 2010, over 600 genes had been cloned using various methods. Many of the genes control agriculturally useful traits such as yield, grain quality, resistances to biotic and abiotic stresses, and nutrient-use efficiency, thus have potential utility in crop genetic improvement. This review was aimed to provide a comprehensive summary of such progress. We also presented our perspective for future studies.

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