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Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed). 2018 Nov;71(11):902-909. doi: 10.1016/j.rec.2017.12.024. Epub 2018 May 1.

Persistence and Variation in Overweight and Obesity Among the Pre-school Population of the Community of Madrid After 2 Years of Follow-up. The ELOIN Cohort.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Servicio de Epidemiología, Dirección General de Salud Pública, Consejería de Sanidad, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: honorato.ortiz@salud.madrid.org.
2
Centro Nacional de Epidemiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain.
3
Servicio de Epidemiología, Dirección General de Salud Pública, Consejería de Sanidad, Madrid, Spain.
4
Servicio de Informes de Salud y Estudios, Dirección General de Salud Pública, Consejería de Sanidad, Madrid, Spain.
5
Centro de Salud Canillejas, Consejería de Sanidad, Madrid, Spain.
6
Centro de Salud Las Calesas, Consejería de Sanidad, Madrid, Spain.
7
Centro Nacional de Epidemiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid/IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES:

The childhood obesity epidemic is a worldwide public health problem which starts at very early ages. The aim of this study was to determine the persistence of and variation in overweight and obesity among a cohort of children followed up from 4 to 6 years of age.

METHODS:

The data were drawn from the ELOIN (Longitudinal Childhood Obesity Study), a population-based cohort in the Community of Madrid, Spain. A total of 2435 children were involved. Weight and height were objectively measured and standardised at 4 (2012-2013) and 6 years of age (2014-2015) by 31 purpose-trained pediatricians. Three reference criteria were used: the World Health Organization (WHO-2006), International Obesity Task Force (IOTF-2000), and Spanish tables of the Orbegozo Foundation 2004, were used to define "absence of excess weight", overweight and obesity.

RESULTS:

According to the above three classification criteria, between the ages of 4 and 6 years the prevalence of overweight increased from 5.7%-16.5% (range of the 3 criteria) to 8.9%-17.0%, and obesity increased from 3.0%-5.4% to 6.1%-10.1%. Three out of every 4 obese children at age 4 years persisted with obesity at age 6 years, whereas 20.6%-29.3% who were overweight became obese. A total of 8.0% to 16.1% of children maintained "excess weight" (overweight/obesity), 7.9% to 11% were new cases, and 2.2% to 5.9% showed remission.

CONCLUSIONS:

Excess weight increased between the ages of 4 and 6 years. Important variations were observed in weight status susceptible to intervention during well-child visits.

KEYWORDS:

Body mass index; Childhood; Cohort; Cohorte; España; Infancia; Obesidad; Obesity; Overweight; Sobrepeso; Spain; Índice de masa corporal

PMID:
29724637
DOI:
10.1016/j.rec.2017.12.024

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