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Neurochem Res. 2010 Dec;35(12):2070-7. doi: 10.1007/s11064-010-0256-6. Epub 2010 Sep 3.

Alpha-lipoic acid modulates GFAP, vimentin, nestin, cyclin D1 and MAP-kinase expression in astroglial cell cultures.

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Dept of Chemical Sciences, Section of Biochemistry and Molecular biology, University of Catania, Viale A Doria 6, 95125 Catania, Italy.


In the present study, we evaluated the expression of some proliferation and differentiation markers in 15 DIV astrocyte cultures pretreated or not with 0.5 mM glutamate for 24 h and than maintained under chronic or acute treatment with 50 μM R(+)enantiomer or raceme alpha-lipoic acid (ALA). GFAP expression significantly increased after (R+)enantiomer acute-treatment and also in glutamate-pretreated ones. Vimentin expression increased after R(+)enantiomer acute-treatment, but it decreased after raceme acute-treatment. Nestin expression drastically increased after acute raceme-treatment in glutamate-pretreated or not cultures, but significantly decreased after (R+)enantiomer acute and chronic-treatments. Cyclin D1 expression increased in raceme acute-treated cultures pretreated with glutamate. MAP-kinase expression slightly increased after (R+)enantiomer acute treatment in glutamate-pretreated or unpretreated ones. These preliminary findings may better clarify antioxidant and metabolic role played by ALA in proliferating and differentiating astrocyte cultures suggesting an interactive cross-talk between glial and neuronal cells, after brain lesions or damages.

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