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Rice (N Y). 2018 Dec 22;11(1):65. doi: 10.1186/s12284-018-0261-y.

Reduction in sucrose contents by downregulation of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase 2 causes tiller outgrowth cessation in rice mutants lacking glutamine synthetase1;2.

Author information

1
Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, 468-1 Aoba, Aramaki-Aza, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8572, Japan. ohashi@agr.nagoya-u.ac.jp.
2
Present address: Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8601, Japan. ohashi@agr.nagoya-u.ac.jp.
3
Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, 468-1 Aoba, Aramaki-Aza, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8572, Japan.
4
Present address: Faculty of Agriculture, Iwate University, 3-18-8, Ueda, Morioka, 020-8550, Japan.
5
Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, 305-8577, Japan.
6
RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japan.
7
Present address: Division for Interdisciplinary Advanced Research and Education, Tohoku University, 6-3 Aoba, Aramaki-Aza, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8572, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Our previous transcriptomic analysis revealed that downregulation of nitrogen and carbon metabolism in the basal portions of the shoots inhibited cytosolic glutamine synthetase1;2 (GS1;2), which severely reduced rice tiller number. In the present study, we used rice mutants lacking GS1;2 (gs1;2 mutants) to determine the contribution of carbon metabolism to tiller growth.

RESULTS:

Metabolomic analysis indicated the effects of carbon metabolism disorder such as reductions in the levels of sugar metabolites (e.g., sucrose and glucose 6-phosphate) in the shoot basal portions of the gs1;2 mutant seedlings. Decrease in sucrose caused by the lack of GS1;2 was successfully restored to the wild-type levels by introducing OsGS1;2 cDNA into the mutants. In the basal portions of the shoots, the lack of GS1;2 caused low expression of cytosolic fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase2 (OscFBP2), which is a key cytosolic sucrose synthesis enzyme; it is especially important in the phloem companion cells of the nodal vascular anastomoses. NH4+ supply upregulated OscFBP2 expression in the shoot basal portions of the wild type but not in those of the gs1;2 mutants. Rice mutants lacking cFBPase2 presented with ~ 30% reduction in total cFBPase activity in the basal portions of their shoots. These mutants displayed reductions in sucrose levels of the basal portions of their shoots but not in their leaf blades. They also had relatively lower tiller numbers at the early growth stage.

CONCLUSIONS:

Metabolomic analysis revealed that the lack of GS1;2 reduced sucrose metabolism in the basal portions of the shoots. Our results indicated that sucrose reduction was caused by the downregulation of OscFBP2 expression in the basal portions of the gs1;2 mutant shoots. The reduction in sucrose content caused by the lack of cFBPase2 resulted in lower tiller number at the early growth stage. Therefore, adequate sucrose supply via cFBPase2 may be necessary for tiller growth in the basal portions of rice shoots.

KEYWORDS:

Ammonium; Cytosolic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase; Cytosolic glutamine synthetase; Oryza sativa L.; Rice; Sucrose; Tiller

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