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Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2017 Dec;108(10):918-923. doi: 10.1016/j.ad.2017.07.001. Epub 2017 Oct 28.

Impact on Quality of Life in Dermatology Patients Attending an Emergency Department.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Dermatology Service, Ramon y Cajal Hospital, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: adrian.alegresanchez@gmail.com.
2
Dermatology Service, Ramon y Cajal Hospital, Madrid, Spain.
3
Psichiatry Service, Ramon y Cajal Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Dermatological complaints have been estimated to represent up to 5-10% of all the visits to emergency departments. The main objective of our study was to determine how affected is the Health related Quality of Life (HRQL) in a series of patients attending an emergency department due to skin symptoms.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A prospective study during one month (July 2016) was conducted in a hospital with full-time on-call dermatologists. The Short-Form SF-12v2 Health Survey and the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) were offered to all the patients over 18 years old attending the emergency department with cutaneous complaints. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics were also collected.

RESULTS:

In total 108 patients completed the study. Mean age found was 45.1±16.1 years. Mean DLQI score found was 10.56±6.12. Fifty-three patients (49%) had a score of 11 or higher in the DLQI questionnaire. Most affected subscales were "Symptoms and Feelings" in DLQI scale and "Overall Health" and "Vitality" for the SF-12. A very significant difference (p<0.0001) was found between women's (12.4±5.7) and men's (7.5±5.6) DLQI mean score (mean difference of 4.9; 95% confidence interval of the difference: 2.7-7.1).

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients visiting emergency units with cutaneous complaints seem to feel a moderate-large impact on their quality of life which is mainly related to the symptoms and feelings that they are experiencing. This impact is significantly higher among women.

KEYWORDS:

Calidad de vida; Calidad de vida relacionada con la salud; DLQI; Dermatological emergencies; Emergencies; Health Related Quality of Life; Quality of life; Urgencias; Urgencias dermatológicas

PMID:
29110877
DOI:
10.1016/j.ad.2017.07.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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