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J Transl Med. 2004 Jun 25;2(1):22.

Antiangiogenic gene therapy of cancer: recent developments.

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Surgery Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA.


With the role of angiogenesis in tumor growth and progression firmly established, considerable effort has been directed to antiangiogenic therapy as a new modality to treat human cancers. Antiangiogenic agents have recently received much widespread attention but strategies for their optimal use are still being developed. Gene therapy represents an attractive alternative to recombinant protein administration for several reasons. This review evaluates the potential advantages of gene transfer for antiangiogenic cancer therapy and describes preclinical gene transfer work with endogenous angiogenesis inhibitors demonstrating the feasibility of effectively suppressing and even eradicating tumors in animal models. Additionally, we describe the advantages and disadvantages of currently available gene transfer vectors and update novel developments in this field. In conclusion, gene therapy holds great promise in advancing antiangiogenesis as an effective cancer therapy and will undoubtedly be evaluated in human clinical trials in the near future.

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