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Drug Alcohol Depend. 2009 Aug 1;103 Suppl 1:S65-72. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.01.004.

Organizational factors and collaboration and integration activities in criminal justice and drug abuse treatment agencies.

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  • 1National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States.


Despite strong interest in improving collaborations between correctional and substance abuse treatment organizations, there is a lack of empirical data describing the existing practices. The current study used a national survey of correctional administrators to examine organizational factors related to cross-agency collaboration and integration activities between corrections and substance abuse treatment organizations. Using a measure of collaboration that scaled cross-agency activities from less structured, informal networking and coordination to more structured and formalized levels of cooperation and collaboration, we found that different correctional settings (e.g., community corrections, jails, prisons) differed significantly in terms of their collaborative activities with substance abuse treatment agencies. We also found that the organizational characteristics that were associated with different levels of collaboration and integration differed across the correctional settings. Further research is needed to better understand how and why correctional agencies decide to formalize collaborative arrangements with treatment agencies and whether these efforts lead to more favorable outcomes.

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