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Pediatr Phys Ther. 2013 Summer;25(2):130-8; discussion 139. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e318287caa3.

Motor proficiency, strength, endurance, and physical activity among middle school children who are healthy, overweight, and obese.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Therapy, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33146, USA. annabelng@att.net

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare motor proficiency, strength, endurance, and physical activity among children from minority backgrounds who were healthy weight (HW), overweight (OW), or obese (OB).

METHODS:

Eighty-six children, aged 10 to 15 years, of mostly Hispanic ethnicity, participated. Children were categorized according to body mass index-for-age percentile. Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT2) Short Form, Sit-to-Stand (STS), Timed Up and Down Stairs, and 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) were administered. Physical activity was measured by using activity monitors.

RESULTS:

Forty-five percent of children were classified as OW/OB. Children who were OB had lower mean BOT2, STS, and 6MWT performance than children of HW. Among children who were OW/OB, daily mean steps were lower and sedentary minutes higher than children of HW. In children who were OW/OB, body mass index was negatively correlated with BOT2, STS, and abdominal curls.

CONCLUSION:

Children who are OB demonstrate greater impairments in motor proficiency, strength, and endurance and participate in less physical activity than peers of HW.

PMID:
23542187
DOI:
10.1097/PEP.0b013e318287caa3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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