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J Water Health. 2010 Mar;8(1):166-83. doi: 10.2166/wh.2009.111.

Modelling latrine diffusion in Benin: towards a community typology of demand for improved sanitation in developing countries.

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1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California at Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA. mwjenkins@ucdavis.edu

Abstract

Latrine diffusion patterns across 502 villages in Benin, West Africa, were analysed to explore factors driving initial and increasing levels of household adoption in low-coverage rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa. Variables explaining adoption related to population density, size, infrastructure/services, non-agricultural occupations, road and urban proximity, and the nearby latrine adoption rate, capturing differences in the physical and social environment, lifestyles and latrine exposure involved in stimulating status/prestige and well-being reasons for latrine adoption. Contagion was most important in explaining adoption initiation. Cluster analysis revealed four distinct village typologies of demand for latrines which provide a framework for tailoring promotional interventions to better match the different sanitation demand characteristics of communities in scaling-up sanitation development and promotion programmes.

PMID:
20009259
DOI:
10.2166/wh.2009.111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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