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Chin Med J (Engl). 2019 Dec 5;132(23):2775-2782. doi: 10.1097/CM9.0000000000000533.

Mineral and bone disorder and management in the China Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study.

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National Clinical Research Center for Kidney Disease, State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Division of Nephrology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510515, China.
Arbor Research Collaborative for Health, Ann Abor, MI, USA.
Division of Nephrology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA.



Despite a growing population of patients starting hemodialysis in China, little is known about markers of mineral bone disease (MBD) and their management. We present data on prevalence and correlates of hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and secondary hyperparathyroidism from the China Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS), with evaluation of whether these laboratory markers triggered changes in management.


We compared the frequency of measurement and prevalence of poor control of MBD markers in China DOPPS with other DOPPS regions. We also used generalized estimating equations to assess correlates of MBD markers, and separate models to assess predictors of vitamin D and phosphate binder prescriptions in the China DOPPS.


Severe hyperphosphatemia (>7 mg/dL) and secondary hyperparathyroidism (>600 pg/mL) were common (27% and 21% prevalence, respectively); both were measured infrequently (14.9% and 3.2% of patients received monthly measurements in China). Frequency of dialysis sessions was positively associated with hyperphosphatemia; presence of residual kidney function was negatively associated with both hyperphosphatemia and secondary hyperparathyroidism. Laboratory measures indicating poor control of MBD were not associated with subsequent prescription of active vitamin D or phosphate binder.


There are substantial opportunities for improvement and standardization of MBD management in China. Development of country-specific guidelines may yield realistic targets and standardization of medication use accounting for availability and cost.

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