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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2020 Jan;39(1):85-87. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000002508.

Concurrent Bacteremia Due to Non-vaccine Serotype 24F Pneumococcus in Twins: A Rapid Increase in Serotype 24F-invasive Pneumococcal Disease and its High Invasive Potential.

Author information

1
From the Department of Pediatrics, Kagoshima Seikyo Hospital, Kagoshima, Japan.
2
Department of General Medicine, Kagoshima Seikyo Hospital, Kagoshima, Japan.
3
Department of Microbiology I, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan.
4
Department of Pediatrics, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan.
5
Department of Microbiology, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan.
6
Infectious Disease Center and Department of Clinical Research, National Hospital Organization Mie Hospital, Mie, Japan.

Abstract

Although concurrent bacteremia in siblings is rare, serotype 24F Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated from the blood of twin 1-year-old girls within a 3-day interval, supporting the high invasive potential of this serotype. As the prevalence of childhood serotype 24F-invasive pneumococcal diseases increases in Europe and the Western Pacific Region, investigation and surveillance of this serotype are necessary.

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