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J Comput Biol. 2014 Jun;21(6):405-19. doi: 10.1089/cmb.2014.0029.

Joint variant and de novo mutation identification on pedigrees from high-throughput sequencing data.

Author information

1
1 Real Time Genomics, Ltd., Hamilton, New Zealand .

Abstract

The analysis of whole-genome or exome sequencing data from trios and pedigrees has been successfully applied to the identification of disease-causing mutations. However, most methods used to identify and genotype genetic variants from next-generation sequencing data ignore the relationships between samples, resulting in significant Mendelian errors, false positives and negatives. Here we present a Bayesian network framework that jointly analyzes data from all members of a pedigree simultaneously using Mendelian segregation priors, yet providing the ability to detect de novo mutations in offspring, and is scalable to large pedigrees. We evaluated our method by simulations and analysis of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data from a 17-individual, 3-generation CEPH pedigree sequenced to 50× average depth. Compared with singleton calling, our family caller produced more high-quality variants and eliminated spurious calls as judged by common quality metrics such as Ti/Tv, Het/Hom ratios, and dbSNP/SNP array data concordance, and by comparing to ground truth variant sets available for this sample. We identify all previously validated de novo mutations in NA12878, concurrent with a 7× precision improvement. Our results show that our method is scalable to large genomics and human disease studies.

KEYWORDS:

Bayesian networks; indel; multiple-nucleotide polymorphism (MNP); next-generation sequencing; pedigree; single-nucleotide variant (SNV); trios; variant calling.

PMID:
24874280
DOI:
10.1089/cmb.2014.0029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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