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J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1996 Jun;12(2 Pt 1):243-6.

Evaluation of a eucalyptus-based repellent against Anopheles spp. in Tanzania.

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Department of Medical Parasitology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom.


A eucalyptus-based insect repellent (PMD) with the principal active ingredient p-menthane-3,8-diol was evaluated in the field in comparison with deet. In human landing catches in Tanzania, 3 formulations of PMD were tested against Anopheles gambiae and An. funestus. Repellents, applied to the legs and feet at doses chosen as used in practice, gave complete protection from biting for between 6 and 7.75 h, depending upon the formulation type, with no significant difference between PMD and deet in terms of efficacy and duration of protection.

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