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Patient Educ Couns. 2015 Oct;98(10):1266-73. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2015.08.019. Epub 2015 Aug 17.

How doctors' communication style and race concordance influence African-Caribbean patients when disclosing depression.

Author information

1
Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK. Electronic address: A.E.Adams@warwick.ac.uk.
2
Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK. Electronic address: A.X.Realpe@warwick.ac.uk.
3
Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK. Electronic address: Laura.Vail@warwick.ac.uk.
4
Computer Science, Aston University, Birmingham, UK. Electronic address: c.d.buckingham@aston.ac.uk.
5
School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA. Electronic address: droter@jhsph.edu.
6
School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA. Electronic address: lori.erby@nih.gov.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the impact of doctors' communication style and doctor-patient race concordance on UK African-Caribbeans' comfort in disclosing depression.

METHODS:

160 African-Caribbean and 160 white British subjects, stratified by gender and history of depression, participated in simulated depression consultations with video-recorded doctors. Doctors were stratified by black or white race, gender and a high (HPC) or low patient-centred (LPC) communication style, giving a full 2×2×2 factorial design. Afterwards, participants rated aspects of doctors' communication style, their comfort in disclosing depression and treatment preferences

RESULTS:

Race concordance had no impact on African-Caribbeans' comfort in disclosing depression. However a HPC versus LPC communication style made them significantly more positive about their interactions with doctors (p=0.000), their overall comfort (p=0.003), their comfort in disclosing their emotional state (p=0.001), and about considering talking therapy (p=0.01); but less positive about considering antidepressant medication (p=0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Doctors' communication style was shown to be more important than patient race or race concordance in influencing African Caribbeans' depression consultation experiences. Changing doctors' communication style may help reduce disparities in depression care.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

Practitioners should cultivate a HPC style to make African-Caribbeans more comfortable when disclosing depression, so that it is less likely to be missed.

KEYWORDS:

African–Caribbean; Depression disclosure; Depression treatment; Doctor–patient communication; Primary care; Racial disparities

PMID:
26319363
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2015.08.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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