Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Feb 1;38(2):156-62.

Buffalo hump seen in HIV-associated lipodystrophy is associated with hyperinsulinemia but not dyslipidemia.

Author information

National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.


Accumulation of dorsocervical fat, or a "buffalo hump" (BH), is commonly reported in adults with HIV-associated lipodystrophy (HIVLD). The pathogenesis underlying this aspect of a syndrome characterized by loss of subcutaneous fat from other body sites is poorly understood. We aimed to identify risk factors for a BH in HIV-infected adults in cross-sectional analyses of 2 HIV-infected ambulatory populations. The first group (Australian Lipodystrophy Prevalence Survey [APS]) consisted of 1348 Australian HIV-infected adults (95% male) irrespective of changes in body composition. The second group (Lipodystrophy Case Definition [LDCD] study) comprised 417 subjects (83% male) with at least 1 reported moderate or severe feature of HIVLD. A BH was reported in 24 (2%) APS subjects and 79 (19%) LDCD study subjects. A BH was not an isolated finding. Patients with a BH had a high prevalence of other features of HIVLD, similar to lipodystrophic patients without a BH, such as facial lipoatrophy reported in 100% and 61% BH-positive subjects from the APS and LDCD study, respectively. In both groups, those with a BH had higher fasting insulin (P<or=0.007), a higher body mass index (P<or=0.003), a higher waist/hip ratio (P<or=0.001), higher limb fat (P<or=0.003), and higher systolic blood pressure (P<0.05). On multivariate analysis, higher serum insulin, systolic blood pressure, age, and duration of exposure to ritonavir were independently associated with a BH in the APS group. In the LDCD group, higher insulin, diastolic blood pressure, and duration of exposure to zidovudine were independently associated with a BH. There was no association between a BH and hyperlipidemia. These data show that a BH is associated with other physical features of the lipodystrophy phenotype and suggest that hyperinsulinemia, a feature common to HIVLD, obesity, and hypercortisolism, is an important component of this phenotype, thus warranting closer monitoring of BH-positive patients for glucose intolerance and diabetes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Support Center