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Phytomedicine. 2010 Oct;17(12):974-9. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2010.03.001. Epub 2010 Apr 10.

Ethanolic extracts of Brazilian red propolis promote adipocyte differentiation through PPARγ activation.

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1
Gifu International Institute of Biotechnology, 1-1 Naka-Fudogaoka, Kakamigahara, Gifu 504-0838, Japan. aiio@giib.or.jp

Abstract

AIM OF THE STUDY:

The aim of present study was to investigate the effects of ethanolic extracts of red propolis (EERP) on adipogenesis and evaluate the molecular basis for their anti-obesity effects.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We tested whether EERP alone could induce differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells, regulate the expression of adipocyte-specific genes and reverse inhibitory effects of TNF-α on their differentiation. Next, we performed a luciferase reporter gene assay to test whether EERP could enhance transcriptional activities of PPARγ and adiponectin promoter activities.

RESULTS:

EERP strongly induced differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes into adipocytes, and enhanced the PPARγ transcriptional activity and adiponectin promoter activity. In addition, EERP attenuated the inhibitory effect of TNF-α on adipocyte differentiation and adiponectin production in mature adipocytes.

CONCLUSION:

The present study indicates that EERP enhance differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes in part by its potency of PPARγ activation and are capable of reversing inhibitory effects of TNF-α on adipocyte differentiation and adiponectin expression. These results suggest the value of EERP as a diet supplement for prevention and treatment of obesity and obesity-associated disorders.

PMID:
20382515
DOI:
10.1016/j.phymed.2010.03.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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