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FEBS Lett. 1996 Mar 11;382(1-2):198-202.

Dictyostelium discoideum contains a family of calmodulin-related EF-hand proteins that are developmentally regulated.

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Adolf-Butenandt-Institut/Zellbiologie, München, Germany.


A full-length genomic DNA fragment that codes for a novel EF-hand protein Dictyostelium discoideum was cloned and sequenced. The protein is composed of 168 amino acids and contains four consensus sequences that are typical for (Ca2+)-binding EF-hand domains. The protein sequence exhibits only minor similarities to other calmodulin-type proteins from Dictyostelium. The genomic DNA harbors two short introns; their positions suggest that the gene is unrelated to the EF-hand proteins from the calmodulin group. Northern blot analysis showed that the mRNA level was significantly increased during development. Polyclonal antibodies raised against the recombinant protein recognized in Western blots a protein of about 20 kDa. Like the mRNA, also the protein was more abundant in developing cells. Overlay experiments with 45Ca2+ indicated that the EF-hands in fact have (Ca2+)-binding activity. The recent description of CBP1, another calmodulin-type Dictyostelium protein that is upregulated during development [Coukell et al. (1995) FEBS Lett. 362, 342-346], suggests that D. discoideum contains a family of EF-hand proteins that have specific functions during distinct steps of development. We therefore designate the protein described in this report as CBP2.

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