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J Biol Chem. 1991 Sep 15;266(26):17509-15.

Dictyostelium annexin VII (synexin). cDNA sequence and isolation of a gene disruption mutant.

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Max-Planck-Institute for Biochemistry, Martinsried, Federal Republic of Germany.


By cloning the cDNA coding for the membrane associated actin-binding protein p24, we identified a repetitive sequence motif consisting of the amino acids Gly, Tyr, Pro, Gln which is characteristic for a gene family in Dictyostelium discoideum. Using a cDNA probe corresponding to this motif, we isolated cDNA clones coding for a protein of the annexin family. On the basis of a long NH2-terminal sequence encompassing the Gly/Tyr/Pro/Gln motifs, the Dictyostelium annexin was identified as a homolog of vertebrate annexin VII (synexin). The mRNA coding for the Dictyostelium annexin VII has a size of 1.6 kilobases and is present during all developmental stages. Annexin VII is coded for by a single gene in Dictyostelium. A mutant deficient in annexin VII was isolated using a vector which carried the amino-terminal third of the Dictyostelium annexin VII cDNA followed by a viral epitope specific for a monoclonal antibody and a stop codon. Using this approach, homologous recombination in the annexin VII gene led to an expression of the viral epitope under the control of the endogenous annexin VII promoter. Lack of annexin VII is not a lethal event for D. discoideum, and the cells are able to undergo development on agar plates.

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