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Vaccine. 2002 Jul 26;20(23-24):2878-86.

DNA immunization using a secreted cell wall antigen Mp1p is protective against Penicillium marneffei infection.

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1
Department of Microbiology, Queen Mary Hospital, University Pathology Building, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, PR China.

Abstract

None of the vaccines used in dimorphic fungal infections utilized the mucosal route for immunization, whereas only one utilized a secreted protein as antigen, despite knowing that infections caused by dimorphic fungi are usually acquired through inhalation. In this study, we investigated the usefulness of Mp1p (a secreted cell wall antigen encoded by MP1)-based vaccines for generation of protective immune responses against Penicillium marneffei infection using a mouse model, and compared the relative effectiveness of intramuscular MP1 DNA vaccine, oral mucosal MP1 DNA vaccine delivered by live-attenuated Salmonella typhimurium, and intraperitoneal recombinant Mp1p protein vaccine. The serum IgM level of the Mp1p protein vaccine group at day 7 and the serum IgG levels of the Mp1p protein vaccine group at days 7 and 21 were significantly higher than those of the other groups (P<0.0001). The serum IgG level of the MP1 DNA vaccine group was significantly higher than that of the corresponding control group and oral mucosal MP1 DNA vaccine group (one dose) at day 21 (P<0.0001 and <0.05, respectively). The groups of mice immunized with intramuscular MP1 DNA vaccine, oral mucosal MP1 DNA vaccine, and intraperitoneal Mp1p protein vaccine showed significantly higher Mp1p-specific lymphocyte proliferation index (LPI) than the control groups. The interferon-gamma (IF-gamma) levels of supernatant of splenic cell cultures obtained from mice after intramuscular MP1 DNA vaccine, mucosal MP1 DNA vaccine (three doses), or intraperitoneal Mp1p protein vaccine administration were higher than that which occurred after mucosal MP1 DNA vaccine (one dose) administration or those of controls. Interleukin-4 (IL-4) was not detectable in the supernatant of splenic cell cultures obtained from all groups of mice. The percentage survival of the mice immunized with intramuscular MP1 DNA vaccine, oral mucosal MP1 DNA vaccine (three doses), oral mucosal MP1 DNA vaccine (one dose), intraperitoneal recombinant Mp1p protein, oral live-attenuated S. typhimurium control, and intramuscular pJW4303 DNA control at day 60 after wild type P. marneffei challenge were 100, 60, 40, 40, 40, and 0%, respectively. The survival of mice in the MP1 DNA vaccine group was significantly better than those of the oral mucosal MP1 DNA vaccine (three doses) group (P<0.05), oral mucosal MP1 DNA vaccine (one dose) group (P<0.005), recombinant Mp1p protein group (P<0.005), S. typhimurium aroA strain group (P<0.05), and pJW4303 group (P<0.00001). Although, the mechanism by which intramuscular MP1 DNA vaccine offered the best protection against P. marneffei infection remains to be elucidated, the present observation prompted further clinical trials on the use of MP1 DNA immunization on asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus carriers in P. marneffei endemic areas.

PMID:
12126898
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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