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Biochem J. 2016 Feb 1;473(3):267-76. doi: 10.1042/BJ20150222. Epub 2015 Nov 10.

PDLIM7 is a novel target of the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-1 in skeletal muscle.

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Keenan Center for Biomedical Research, St Michaels Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5B 1W8.
Department of Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8S 4L8.
Keenan Center for Biomedical Research, St Michaels Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5B 1W8 Department of Medicine, St Michaels Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5B 1W8


Skeletal muscle atrophy remains a complication occurring both as a natural response to muscle disuse and as a pathophysiological response to illness such as diabetes mellitus and nerve injury, such as traumatic muscle denervation. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is the predominant proteolytic machinery responsible for atrophy of skeletal muscle, and Nedd4-1 (neural precursor cell-expressed developmentally down-regulated 4-1) is one of a series of E3 ubiquitin ligases identified to mediate inactivity-induced muscle wasting. Targets of Nedd4-1 mediated ubiquitination in skeletal muscle remain poorly understood. In the present study, we identified PDLIM7 (PDZ and LIM domain 7, Enigma), a member of the PDZ-LIM family of proteins, as a novel target of Nedd4-1 in skeletal muscle. The PDZ-LIM family of proteins is known to regulate muscle development and function. We show that Nedd4-1 expression in muscle atrophied by denervation is co-incident with a decrease in PDLIM7 and that PDLIM7 protein levels are stabilized in denervated muscle of Nedd4-1 skeletal muscle-specific knockout mice (SMS-KO). Exogenous PDLIM7 and Nedd4-1 transfected into human embryonic kidney (HEK)293 cells co-immunoprecipitate through binding between the PY motif of PDLIM7 and the second and third WW domains of Nedd4-1 and endogenous PDLIM7 and Nedd4-1 interact in the cytoplasm of differentiated C2C12 myotubes, leading to PDLIM7 ubiquitination. These results identify PDLIM7 as a bona fide skeletal muscle substrate of Nedd4-1 and suggest that this interaction may underlie the progression of skeletal muscle atrophy. This offers a novel therapeutic target that could be potentially used to attenuate muscle atrophy.


Enigma; PDLIM7; muscle atrophy; skeletal muscle-specific Nedd4-1 knockout mice; ubiquitin–proteasome system

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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