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J Sci Food Agric. 2011 Oct;91(13):2363-70. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.4468. Epub 2011 May 17.

Brazilian red propolis: unreported substances, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.

Author information

1
Institute of Biosciences, Botany Department, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. adnerighi@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of a sample of red propolis from the state of Alagoas (northeast Brazil) were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities were also obtained.

RESULTS:

The propolis sample contained low content of narigenin-8-C-hexoside, this being the first report of a C-glycoside in propolis. The main constituent found was characterized as 3,4,2',3'-tetrahydroxychalcone. Other important constituents were the chalcone isoliquiritigenin, the isoflavans (3S)-vestitol, (3S)-7-O-methylvestitol, the pterocarpan medicarpin, the phenylpropenes trans-anethol, methyl eugenol, elimicin, methoxyeugenol and cis-asarone, and the triterpenic alcohols lupeol and α- and β- amyrins. The methanol extract exhibited high antioxidant activities by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and β-carotene/linoleic acid assay methods, and antimicrobial activity toward Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

CONCLUSION:

Structures are suggested for new substances never before seen in any kind of propolis. This is the first report of 3,4,2',3'-tetrahydroxychalcone and a flavone C-glycoside in a propolis sample.

PMID:
21590778
DOI:
10.1002/jsfa.4468
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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