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Blood. 1998 Sep 1;92(5):1668-76.

A Janus kinase inhibitor, JAB, is an interferon-gamma-inducible gene and confers resistance to interferons.

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Institute of Life Science, Kurume University, Aikawamachi, Kurume; the Department of Tumor Cell Biology, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science, Bunkyoku, Tokyo, Japan.


It has been shown that interferons (IFNs) exert their signals through receptor-associated Janus kinases (JAKs) and signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs). However, molecular mechanism of regulation of IFN signaling has not been fully understood. We have reported novel cytokine-inducible SH2 protein (CIS) and JAK binding protein (JAB) family genes that can potentially modulate cytokine signaling. Here we report that JAB is strongly induced by IFN-gamma but not by IFN-beta in mouse myeloid leukemia M1 cells and NIH-3T3 fibroblasts. NIH-3T3 cells ectopically expressing JAB but not CIS3 lost responsiveness to the antiviral effect of IFN-beta and IFN-gamma. M1 leukemic cells stably expressing JAB were also resistant to IFN-gamma and IFN-beta-induced growth arrest. In both NIH-3T3 and M1 transformants expressing JAB, IFN-gamma did not induce tyrosine phosphorylation and DNA binding activity of STAT1. Moreover, IFN-gamma-induced activation of JAK1 and JAK2 and IFN-beta-induced JAK1 and Tyk2 activation were inhibited in NIH-3T3 JAB transformants. These results suggest that JAB inhibits IFN signaling by blocking JAK activity. We also found that IFN-resistant clones derived from LoVo cells and Daudi cells expressed high levels of JAB without stimulation. In IFN-resistant Daudi cells, IFN-induced STAT1 and JAK phosphorylation was partially reduced. Therefore, overexpression of JAB could be, at least in part, a mechanism of IFN resistance.

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