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Am J Physiol. 1998 Nov;275(5 Pt 2):F818-26.

A tyrosine-based signal regulates H-K-ATPase-mediated potassium reabsorption in the kidney.

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Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA.


Isoforms of the H-K-ATPase participate in active K resorption in the renal collecting tubule. The cytoplasmic tail of the beta-subunit of the gastric H-K-ATPase includes a 4 amino acid motif which is highly homologous to tyrosine-based endocytosis signals. We have generated transgenic mice expressing an H-K-ATPase beta-subunit in which the tyrosine residue in this sequence has been mutated to alanine. Mice expressing the mutated protein manifest constitutive hypersecretion of gastric acid, demonstrating that the beta-subunit tyrosine-based motif is required for the regulated endocytosis of the H-K pump and hence the cessation of gastric acid output. To test the possibility that the tyrosine-based sequence in the tail of the H-K-ATPase beta-subunit plays a role in regulating the function of renal H-K-ATPases, we examined renal K clearance in normal and in transgenic mice. Blood pressure, urine volume, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), plasma Na, and Na excretion are similar in control and transgenic mice. However, plasma K concentrations are significantly higher in transgenic mice (4.76 +/- 0.13 meq/l in transgenic and 4. 12 +/- 0.04 meq/l in control; n = 9, P < 0.05) and K excretion is lower in the transgenic animals (fractional excretion of K was 26.2 +/- 3.62% in transgenic and 50.1 +/- 4.78% in control; n = 9, P < 0. 01). These data suggest that the tyrosine-based signal in the cytoplasmic tail of the H-K-ATPase beta-subunit functions in the kidney as it does in the stomach to internalize H-K pump and thus inactivate pump function. Its elimination may result in the constitutive presence of the pump at the cell surface and lead to excessive urinary K reabsorption.

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