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J Am Soc Nephrol. 1998 Oct;9(10):1853-60.

A spectrum of mutations in the polycystic kidney disease-2 (PKD2) gene from eight Canadian kindreds.

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Division of Nephrology, Toronto Hospital, Ontario, Canada.


Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common Mendelian disorder that affects approximately 1 in 1000 live births. Linkage studies have shown that the majority (approximately 85%) of cases are due to mutations in PKD1 on chromosome 16p, while mutations in PKD2 on chromosome 4q account for most of the remaining cases. Locus heterogeneity in ADPKD is known to contribute to differences in disease severity, with PKD1-linked families having earlier onset of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) than PKD2-linked families (mean age at ESRD: 56 versus 70, respectively). In this study, 11 Canadian families with ADPKD were screened for PKD2 mutations. In four families, linkage to PKD2 was previously documented. In the remaining seven smaller families, one or more affected members had late-onset ESRD at age 70 or older. Using single-stranded conformational polymorphism analysis, one affected member from each family was screened for mutations in all 15 exons of PKD2, which were PCR-amplified from genomic templates. A spectrum of mutations was found in approximately 73% (8 of 11) of the families screened, with no difference in the detection rate between the PKD2-linked families and the families with late-onset ESRD. In three unrelated families, insertion or deletion of an adenosine in a polyadenosine tract (i.e., (A)8 at nt 2152-2159) was found on exon 11, suggesting that this mononucleotide repeat tract is prone to mutations from "slipped strand mispairing." All mutations, scattered between exons 1 and 11, are predicted to result in a truncated polycystin 2 that lacks both the calcium-binding EF-hand domain and the two cytoplasmic domains required for the interaction of polycystin 2 with polycystin 1 and with itself. Furthermore, no correlation was found between the location of the mutations in the PKD2 coding sequence and disease severity. Thus, these findings are consistent with other recently published reports and suggest that most PKD2 mutations are inactivating.

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