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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Aug 18;95(17):10129-33.

Representational difference analysis of a committed myeloid progenitor cell line reveals evidence for bilineage potential.

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Section of Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA.


In this study we have sought to characterize a committed myeloid progenitor cell line in an attempt to isolate general factors that may promote differentiation. We used cDNA representational difference analysis (RDA), which allows analysis of differential gene expression, to compare EML and EPRO cells. We have isolated nine differentially expressed cDNA fragments as confirmed by slot blot, Northern, and PCR analysis. Three of nine sequences appear to be novel whereas the identity of the remaining fragments suggested that the EPRO cell line is multipotent. Among the isolated sequences were eosinophilic, monocytic, and neutrophilic specific genes. Therefore, we tested the ability of EPRO cells to differentiate along multiple myeloid lineages and found that EPRO cells exhibited morphologic maturation into either monocyte/macrophages or neutrophils, but not eosinophils. Furthermore, when EPRO cells were exposed to ATRA, neutrophil specific genes were induced, whereas monocytic markers were induced by phorbol ester treatment. This study highlights the use of cDNA RDA in conjunction with the EML/EPRO cell line to isolate markers associated with macrophage and neutrophil differentiation and establishes the usefulness of this system in the search for factors involved in myeloid commitment.

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