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Biol Reprod. 1998 Jun;58(6):1425-31.

Reactivating tammar wallaby blastocysts oxidize glucose.

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Department of Zoology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.


Metabolic reactivation of the tammar blastocyst appears to be characterized by a change in the pathway of glucose metabolism rather than an absolute increase in substrate uptake. The switch in type of metabolism used was examined to gain information on the timing and physiology of blastocyst reactivation. Fluorescent and radioisotope techniques were used sequentially to determine the activity of pathways of glucose metabolism by individual wallaby blastocysts during diapause and 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 10 days after removal of pouch young (RPY). Maternal endometrial and luteal cell metabolism and circulating hormone levels were measured and correlated with blastocyst activity. Observed differences between rates of blastocyst reactivation could be explained by variation in the maternal response between animals. While blastocysts recovered 4 days after RPY oxidized more glucose compared with Day 0 blastocysts (p < 0.05), rates of glycolysis did not change until Day 10. Blastocysts recovered between 4 and 10 days after RPY oxidized a significantly greater percentage of the glucose taken up (p < 0.01). The reduced ATP:ADP ratio within blastocysts recovered 3 days after RPY (p < 0.05) indicates that conditions are suitable for blastocysts to undergo a metabolic switch from glycolytic to oxidative metabolism of glucose on Day 4 after RPY. The increased oxidation results in greater ATP production, which plausibly fuels the increased energy requirements of wallaby blastocysts during the early stages of reactivation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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