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Kidney Int. 1998 May;53(5):1127-32.

A novel frameshift mutation induced by an adenosine insertion in the polycystic kidney disease 2 (PKD2) gene.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Toronto Hospital, Ontario, Canada. ypei@torhosp.toronto.on.ca

Abstract

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common Mendelian disorders and is genetically heterogeneous. Linkage studies have shown that the majority (approximately 85%) of ADPKD cases are due to mutations in PKD1 on chromosome 16p13.3, while mutations in PKD2 on chromosome 4q21-q23 are thought to account for most of the remaining cases. In this report, we describe the mutation in a large four-generation ADPKD family (TOR-PKD77) which we had mapped to the PKD2 locus by linkage analysis. In this family, we screened for mutations by directly sequencing two nested RT-PCR fragments (PKD2N1 and PKD2N2) that cover approximately 90% of the PKD2 open reading frame. In the affected members, we identified a novel single adenosine insertion (2160InsA) in the PKD2N2 fragment. This mutation occurred in the polyadenosine tract (nt2152-2159) of exon 11 and is predicted to result in a frameshift with premature translation termination of the PKD2 product, polycystin 22, immediately after codon 723. The truncated polycystin 2 is predicted to lack the calcium-binding EF-hand domain and two cytoplasmic domains required for the homodimerization of polycystin 2 with itself and for the heterodimerization of polycystin 2 with polycystin 1.

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