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Kidney Int. 1998 May;53(5):1127-32.

A novel frameshift mutation induced by an adenosine insertion in the polycystic kidney disease 2 (PKD2) gene.

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Department of Medicine, Toronto Hospital, Ontario, Canada.


Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common Mendelian disorders and is genetically heterogeneous. Linkage studies have shown that the majority (approximately 85%) of ADPKD cases are due to mutations in PKD1 on chromosome 16p13.3, while mutations in PKD2 on chromosome 4q21-q23 are thought to account for most of the remaining cases. In this report, we describe the mutation in a large four-generation ADPKD family (TOR-PKD77) which we had mapped to the PKD2 locus by linkage analysis. In this family, we screened for mutations by directly sequencing two nested RT-PCR fragments (PKD2N1 and PKD2N2) that cover approximately 90% of the PKD2 open reading frame. In the affected members, we identified a novel single adenosine insertion (2160InsA) in the PKD2N2 fragment. This mutation occurred in the polyadenosine tract (nt2152-2159) of exon 11 and is predicted to result in a frameshift with premature translation termination of the PKD2 product, polycystin 22, immediately after codon 723. The truncated polycystin 2 is predicted to lack the calcium-binding EF-hand domain and two cytoplasmic domains required for the homodimerization of polycystin 2 with itself and for the heterodimerization of polycystin 2 with polycystin 1.

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