Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cell. 1997 Aug 8;90(3):501-10.

A tyrosine-based signal targets H/K-ATPase to a regulated compartment and is required for the cessation of gastric acid secretion.

Author information

Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA.


Gastric acid secretion is mediated by the H/K-ATPase of parietal cells. Activation of acid secretion involves insertion of H/K-ATPase into the parietal cell plasmalemma, while its cessation is associated with reinternalization of the H/K-ATPase into an intracellular storage compartment. The cytoplasmic tail of the H/K-ATPase beta subunit includes a four residue sequence homologous to tyrosine-based endocytosis signals. We generated transgenic mice expressing H/K-ATPase beta subunit in which this motif's tyrosine residue is mutated to alanine. Gastric glands from animals expressing mutant beta subunit constitutively secrete acid and continuously express H/K-ATPase at their cell surfaces. Thus, the beta subunit's tyrosine-based signal is required for the internalization of H/K-ATPase and for the termination of acid secretion. As a consequence of chronic hyperacidity, the mice develop gastric ulcers and a hypertrophic gastropathy resembling Menetrier's disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center