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Cell. 1997 Aug 8;90(3):501-10.

A tyrosine-based signal targets H/K-ATPase to a regulated compartment and is required for the cessation of gastric acid secretion.

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  • 1Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA.


Gastric acid secretion is mediated by the H/K-ATPase of parietal cells. Activation of acid secretion involves insertion of H/K-ATPase into the parietal cell plasmalemma, while its cessation is associated with reinternalization of the H/K-ATPase into an intracellular storage compartment. The cytoplasmic tail of the H/K-ATPase beta subunit includes a four residue sequence homologous to tyrosine-based endocytosis signals. We generated transgenic mice expressing H/K-ATPase beta subunit in which this motif's tyrosine residue is mutated to alanine. Gastric glands from animals expressing mutant beta subunit constitutively secrete acid and continuously express H/K-ATPase at their cell surfaces. Thus, the beta subunit's tyrosine-based signal is required for the internalization of H/K-ATPase and for the termination of acid secretion. As a consequence of chronic hyperacidity, the mice develop gastric ulcers and a hypertrophic gastropathy resembling Menetrier's disease.

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