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Cell Calcium. 1997 Jun;21(6):409-19.

Bergmann glial cells in situ express endothelinB receptors linked to cytoplasmic calcium signals.

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Max-Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin-Buch, Germany.


The endothelin (ET) isoforms ET-1, ET-2 and ET-3 applied at 100 nM triggered a transient increase in [Ca2+]i in Bergmann glial cells in cerebellar slices acutely isolated from 20-25 day-old mice. The intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) was monitored using Fura-2-based [Ca2+]i microfluorimetry. The ET-triggered [Ca2+]i transients were mimicked by ETB receptor agonist BQ-3020 and were inhibited by ETB receptor antagonist BQ-788. ET elevated [Ca2+]i in Ca(2+)-free extracellular solution and the ET-triggered [Ca2+]i elevation was blocked by 500 nM thapsigargin indicating that the [Ca2+]i was released from InsP3-sensitive intracellular pools. The ET-triggered [Ca2+]i increase in Ca(2+)-free solution was shorter in duration. Restoration of normal extracellular [Ca2+] briefly after the ET application induced a second [Ca2+]i increase indicating the presence of a secondary Ca2+ influx which prolongs the Ca2+ signal. Pre-application of 100 microM ATP or 10 microM noradrenaline blocked the ET response suggesting the involvement of a common Ca2+ depot. The expression of ETB receptor mRNAs in Bergmann glial cells was revealed by single-cell RT-PCR. The mRNA was also found in Purkinje neurones, but no Ca2+ signalling was triggered by ET. We conclude that Bergmann glial cells are endowed with functional ETB receptors which induce the generation of intracellular [Ca2+]i signals by activation of Ca2+ release from InsP3-sensitive intracellular stores followed by a secondary Ca2+ influx.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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