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J Membr Biol. 1997 Jun 1;157(3):215-30.

Enhanced closed-state inactivation in a mutant Shaker K+ channel.

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Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.


Many mutations that shift the voltage dependence of activation in Shaker channels cause a parallel shift of inactivation. The I2 mutation (L382I in the Shaker B sequence) is an exception, causing a 45 mV activation shift with only a 9 mV shift of inactivation midpoint relative to the wildtype (WT) channel. We compare the behavior of WT and I2 Shaker 29-4 channels in macropatch recordings from Xenopus oocytes. The behavior of WT channels can be described by both simple and detailed kinetic models which assume that inactivation proceeds only from the open state. The behavior of I2 channels requires that they inactivate from closed states as well, a property characteristic of voltage-gated sodium channels. A detailed "multiple-state inactivation" model is presented that describes both activation and inactivation of I2 channels. The results are consistent with the view that residue L382 is associated with the receptor for the inactivation particles in Shaker channels.

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