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J Biochem Toxicol. 1996;11(4):183-8.

Paclitaxel-induced apoptosis in HeLa cells is serum dependent.

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1
Laboratorio de Biología Molecular, Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, Mexico City, Mexico.

Abstract

Exposure of HeLa cells to different concentrations of the antineoplastic drug paclitaxel resulted in a loss of cell viability that was dependent on the concentration and time of exposure to the drug. This phenomenon was associated with the appearance of nuclear morphology typical of apoptosis and DNA breakage into a "ladder" pattern of discrete fragments of nucleosomal size. The induction of cell death was dependent on the serum concentration of the culture media, repressed by pretreatment with a cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) inhibitor, and enhanced by increasing the cell proliferation with previous exposure to a cAMP-analog and a protein kinase-C (PKC) inducer. The proliferative index modifies the effect of taxol on HeLa cells, probably by means of a more rapid accumulation of cells in the G2/M cycle blockage point, although a direct participation of PKA and PKC should not be excluded.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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