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Eur J Cell Biol. 1996 Aug;70(4):331-8.

Gamma-tubulin is permanently associated with basal bodies in ciliates.

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Institut für Allgemeine Zoologie und Genetik, Universität Münster, Germany.


Ciliates are of special interest owing to the multiplicity and diversity of their microtubule organizing centers (MTOCs). The subcellular localization of gamma-tubulin in these protozoa has not been extensively studied. The cloning of a gamma-tubulin gene in Euplotes (Liang, A., K. Heckmann, Gene 136, 319-322 (1993) led us to examine the localization of this protein. We used three polyclonal antibodies, JH46, R58 and R70. They had been raised against peptides common to mammalian and Aspergillus gamma-tubulins. These regions had 69%, 95%, and 75% identity with the corresponding regions of Euplotes gamma-tubulin. Immunoblotting (R70) revealed a polypeptide corresponding to the molecular mass of Euplotes gamma-tubulin. In Euplotes octocarinatus, gamma-tubulin was detected by immunofluorescence (R70) in the basal bodies, the micronucleus and the macronucleus throughout the cell cycle. The presence of gamma-tubulin in basal bodies and micronuclei was confirmed with the other two antibodies JH46 and R58. The permanent association of gamma-tubulin with basal bodies was also observed in Tetrahymena thermophila and Paramecium tetraurelia, two ciliates distantly related to Euplotes. These results not only extend to ciliates the finding that gamma-tubulin is permanently associated with ciliary basal bodies, but also demonstrate that gamma-tubulin is present in unconventional MTOCs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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