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J Neurosci Res. 1993 Feb 1;34(2):198-205.

Identification of neuropeptide Y receptors in cultured astrocytes from neonatal rat brain.

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Department of Neurobiology, University of Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany.


Specific binding sites for neuropeptide Y could be demonstrated in primary cultures of astrocytes from neonatal rat brain. Neuropeptide Y binding was saturable, reversible, and temperature dependent as revealed by saturation studies and kinetic experiments. Scatchard analysis of equilibrium binding data indicated a single population of high-affinity binding sites with respective KD and Bmax values of 0.43 nM and 6.9 fmol/2.7 x 10(5) cells. Physiological responses induced by neuropeptide Y could be detected in a distinct subpopulation of cultured astrocytes on the basis of two criteria: 1) electrophysiological responses and 2) single cell measurements of changes in [Ca2+]i. In that fraction of cells responding (20-70%, varying among cultures from different preparations), brief application of neuropeptide Y led to a membrane potential depolarization, lasting several minutes. When the membrane was clamped close to the resting membrane potential using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, neuropeptide Y induced an inward current with a similar time course as the neuropeptide Y-induced membrane depolarization. As detected by single cell microfluorimetric (fura-2) measurements neuropeptide Y induced an increase of [Ca2+]i which was caused by the entry of extracellular Ca2+. Both the [Ca2+]i increase and the electrophysiological responses were unaffected by pretreatment of the astrocytes with pertussis toxin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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