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Kidney Int. 1993 Dec;44(6):1217-23.

Role of endothelin and prostaglandins in radiocontrast-induced renal artery constriction.

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Division of Nephrology, Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.


Infusion of radiocontrast agents in vivo results in renal artery constriction and subsequent renal hypoperfusion. To examine the role of endothelin and of prostaglandins in radiocontrast-mediated renal vasoconstriction, rats were treated with an endothelin receptor antagonist, CP170687, and with indomethacin. The dose of CP170687 utilized was sufficient to reverse endothelin1-mediated constriction of isolated aortic rings and of renal blood flow in intact rats. In normal rats there was a transient drop in renal blood flow to 80% of baseline following sodium iothalamate injection, an effect which was not prevented by CP170687. In rats first given indomethacin, the drop in renal blood flow was more pronounced (to 63% of baseline) and was sustained. In this instance, CP170687 fully reversed the sustained decrease of renal perfusion. CP170687 also diminished the rise in systemic blood pressure seen following iothalamate injection. In the absence of indomethacin, iothalamate increased urinary prostaglandin E2 to a maximum of sevenfold above baseline values. In summary, injection of radiocontrast results in an immediate decrease in renal blood flow that is counteracted by an increase in renal prostaglandin formation. When prostaglandin synthesis is inhibited, prolonged endothelin-mediated renal vasoconstriction is observed that is reversed by an endothelin receptor antagonist.

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